The manufacturing typically starts with float glass coated with a transparent conductive layer, onto which the photovoltaic absorber material is deposited in a process called close-spaced sublimation. Laser scribing is used to pattern cell strips and to form an interconnect pathway between adjacent cells. During the manufacturing process, each piece of solar cells is sealed automatically by stringer machine. The cell stringers will be connected together. Through lamination of the cells with glass, backsheet will be attached closely by melted EVA, and the anodized aluminum frames will be installed around the panel for further protection. The junction box with connector is the artery of output electricity. Finally, the panels which are tested and qualified will be packed carefully in the cartons and pallets, and the modules will be delivered further to various destination all around the world.